Gender Based Violence (GBV) in Health and Population Education of Grade 9: A comments with way forward

Gender Based Violence (GBV) in Health and Population Education of Grade 9: A comments with way forward

by Radha Paudel

k’;sf] klxnf] xKtf ;fob clwsf+z ljBfnox?df kl/Iff eO/x]sf] 5 . To;f] t s0ff{nLdf aflif{s kl/Iff ;lsP/ 5’66L eO;s]sf] 5 . sIff gf} df cWog/t eltlhn] jftfj/0f, :jf:Yo / hg;+Vof lzIff laifosf kl/Iffsf] lbg h]G8/, h]G8/ ;dfgtf, k}/jL, dlxnf :jf:Yo / k|hgg, dlxnf / lx+;f eGg] laifo k9b} ubf{ dnfO{ ;f]  Wofg cfqmzg eof] / To:s} kl/0ffd xf] of] n]v . lsgeg], g]kfndf a9b} u/]sf] dlxnf lx+;f / o;sf] /f]syfdsf] nflu lb3{sflng pkfo eg]sf] laBfno lzIff xf], hxfF csf]{ k’:tf ;’;’lrt dfq x}g, ;+j]bgzLn / lhDd]jf/ agf]; eGG]f ;a}sf] w]o xf] . k]h g+ !!! b]lv !!^ ;Dd g]kfn h]08/ sfo{qmd / k}/jL o;/L ;+ul7t ul/Psf] 5 .
#=$=!= dlxnf :jf:Yo / k|hgg
#=$=@= dlxnf / lx+;f
#=$=#= dlxnf / d’n’sL P]g
#=$=$ dlxnf / k}qLs ;DktL
#=$=%= g]kfndf h]G8/ k}/jL
em66 x]bf{ laifoa:t’ klg /dfO{nf] 9+un,] pbfx/0f lbP/ ;fwf/0f lsl;dn] pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . t/ To;df af/Daf/ pNn]v ul/Psf] zAb h:t} M h]08/,h]08/ ;dfgtf,h]08/ lae]b, h]08/ b[li6sf]0f, h]08/ kIf h:tf zAbx?nfO{ :ki6 kfl/Psf] 5}g . h;n] ubf{ dfly pNn]v ul/Psf laifo hlt g} pTtd eP klg lawfyL{x?df cfkm} ?kfGtl/t xg] l:ytL cfpg k|foM c;ej g} 5 . x’gt lo zAbx? jt{dfg cj:yfdf lasf;sf If]qdf sfd ug]{x?sf nflu cltg} k|of]u ePsf zAbx? x’g . r’/f] s’/f]sf] yfxf gkfO{sg To:sf] /f]syfd ug{ k}/jL s;/L ug{ ;lsPnf cyf{t To:tf] k}/ljn] ;fdflhs ?kfGt/0f ug{ s;/L ;lsPnf < t;y{ dfly elgPsf ;a} laifodf pNnv] ug'{ cufl8 h]08/ g} eg]sf] s] xf] eg]/ a’emg’ / a’emfpg’ kb{5 eGg] nfU5 .
h]08/sf] g]kfnL zAb 5}g To;}n] h]08/ g} elgG5 tyfkL s;}s;}n] ;fdlfhs ln+u eg]/ k|of]u ub{5g hg aemg / aemfpg ;lhnf] klg xG5 . h]08/sf] s’/fubf{ of}g -;]S;_ sf] s’/f ug”{ dxTjk”0f{ 5 . k|s[ltn] jf hGdbf g} k|fKt u/]sf], slxn] klg -ckjfbdf afx]s, Ps bd} vlr{nf]_ kl/jt{g ug{ g;lsg], ;+;f/sf] h’g;’s} :yfgdf klg Ps} /xg], ln+u rfFxL k|fs[lts ln+u xf] . hxfF s]6f / s]6L jf dlxnf / k’?if/xG5g .
t/ h]08/ jf ;fdlhs ln+u, dlxnf jf k’?if ePs} sf/0fn] ;dfhn] lbPsf] e’ldsfxf] . pbfx/0fsf nflu ltdL s]6L xf] To;}n] ;fFem kg'{ cufj} 3/ cfpg’ kb{5 jf /ftL cj]/ ;Dd aflx/ a:g’ x’Gg jf ltdL aflx/ hfg’ x’b}g . To:t}] s]6fsf] nflu ltdL s]6f xf], To;}n] hfpm, aflx/ hfp, @–$ s’/f hfg, @–$ hgf dflg;nfO{ e]6]s} /fd|f] . o; pbfx/0fdf s]6L nfO{ eGbf s]6fnfO{ a9L :jtGq 5fl8G5 . 3/ aflx/ hfg, bO{ rf/ hgfnfO{ e]6g, s/f ;Gg cflb  cfTd laZjf;sf] a9fpg / ca;/sf] ;[hgf ug{xf] . h]G8/ jf ;fdflhs ln+u kl/jt{glzn 5 . h:t} cfhef]nL s]6Lx? klg /ftLsf] l8p6L ug]{, ;fFem ;Dd sfd ug]{, 3/af6 aflx/ k]zfut Joj;fodf ;+nUg 5g . s]6Lx? klg kfOn6, 8fO{e/, OlGhlgo/ 5g . 5f]/L eP/ g;{, lzIfs aGgg} k%{ eGg] dfGotf km]l/Psf] % . To;}u/L h]G8/ jf ;fdflhs ln+u 7fpF, kl/j]z cg’;f/  km/s km/s x’G5 . h:t} h’Dnfsf dlxnfn] 3’Drf ]-6fpsf] 5f]Kg]_ xflN5g, sf7df08f}Fsf] dlxnfn] k]G6 nfufpl5g, =====dlxnfn] 5f]6f] k]G6 nufpl5g . oL tLg} j6f km/s km/s ;dfhn] dlxnfnfO{ n’uf nfufpg] s’/fnfO{ km/s km/s ;Gbe{df :jLsf/]sf] 5 .
h]G8/ jf ;fdflhs ln+u, zlQmjf6 lgb]{lzst / k|efljt x’G5 . zlQm eg]sf] k};f,kb, hft, 7fp, k]zf jf ;DaGw, ;Ddfg cflb h] ;’s} klg x’g;S5 . zlQm ePsf dlxnfnfO{ jf k’?ifnfO{ h] s’/f :jLsf/ ul/Psf] x’G5 Tof] zlQmlalxg dlxnf jf k’?ifdf l:jsf/ jf nfu’ x’b}g . x]8df:6/ dlxnf 5g eg] pgnfO{ To; ufpFsf] ;fdfGo dlxnf jf lzlIfsf dfq /x]sL dlxnf eGbf :jtGq dfq geO{sg pgn] laBfno To; ufpFsfsf lg0f{o klg k|efj kfl5{g jf pgn] af]n]sf] ;’G5g .
h]08/ jf ;fdflhs ln+usf sf/0fn] s’g} klg JolQm hGdg] lalQs} b]lv d[To’kl5 – sfhls|of, >f4df_ klg of] ug{+ x’g], of] ug{ gx’g] h:tf lgodx? agfPsf x’G5g . h:t} vfg], a:g], zl//sf] :ofxf/,ljjfx, lzIff, k]zf, cflb ;a}df lgu/fgL /flvPsf] x’G5 . s’g} klg ;fwg / ;|f]tsf] k’x’Fr, To; dflysf] lgoGq0f, nfef+;sf] pkof]u, cj;/x? klg h]08/ jf ;fdflhs ln+usf cwf/df ul/Psf x’G5g . h]08/ jf ;fdflhs ln+u clwsf;+ ;dodf  ;a} :yfgdf kmfO{bf / a]kmfObf, ;lhnf] / c;lhnf], /fdf|] / g/fd|f] x’G5g . t/ g]kfn k’?if k|wfg b]z ePsf]n] h]08/ jf ;fdflhs ln+usf sf/0fn] dlxnfx?nfO{[ sdhf]/, larf/f jf bf]>f] :yfgdf kl/eflift u/]sf] 5 eg] k’?ifnfO{ alnof], /fd|f] / klxnf] :yfgdf kf/]sf] 5 . kl/0fd:j?k xfd|f] ;dfhdf yk|} vfnsf cGofok0f{, lae]bk0f{ cEof;x? cem}klg lawdfg %g h:t} dlxnf ePsf]n] ;a} kl/jf/n] vfPkl% vfg”kg]{, pk|sf] vfg”kg]{, v;|f]{ gld&f] vfg”kg]{,cflb . To;} u/L %f]/LnfO{ :s”n gk&fpg] jf k&fPklg ;/sf/L lawfnodf k&fpg], %f]/fnfO{ :s”n To;df klg af]l*udf k&fpg] cflb . o:tf w]/} cEof;x?sf] nfdf] ;rL g} aG5 . oL ;a} cEof;x? ;/f;/ ;dflhs cGofo xf] h’g sfg’af6 b08lgo 5 .  
gf} sIffsf] lstfjs} pbfx/0f lnFbf klg ædlxnfnfO{ ue{ktg ug{ nufOG5, dlxnfx?nfO{ pgLx?sf] OR5f ljkl/t jRrf w]/} kfpg nufOG5 .Æ o:tf] cEof; jf:tadf dlxnf dfly ul/Psf] ;dflhs cGofo xf] lsgeg]   ljjfx slxn] ug]{ < slt aRrf kfpg] < slxn], slxn] kfpg] < eGg] clwsf/ lgtfGt dlxnfsf] lg0f{osf] clwsf/ xf]. 5f]/f ls 5f]/L kfpg] eGg] s’/f lgtfGt k|fs[lts t/ k’?ifsf] jLo{df e/ kg]{ s’/f xf] . t/ ;dfhn] jf h]08/n] jf ;fdflhs ln+usf sf/0f dlxnfnfO{ bf]if yf]kl/G5, laleGg lsl;dsf oftfgf lbOG5 / dfl/G5 -slxn]sfxL_, k’?ifnfO{ csf]{ lajfx u/fO{G5 jf ue{df g} 5f]/f ls 5f]/L kQf nufP/ 5f]/L xf] eg] ue{ktg ug{ nufO{G5 . of] ;a} dlxnfnfO{ dlxnf ePs} sf/0f lae]b u/]/ ;dfhn] u/]sf] ;dflhs cGofo jf dlxnf dfly ul/Psf] lx+;f xf] . ;fdflhs cGofosf] Pp6f uDeL/ kf6f] xf] . s’g sfg”gaf6 alh{t 5 .  xfd|f] ;dfhdf laBdfg rfn rng, wd{, ;+:s[lt ;fdflhsLs/0fsf] k|s[ofnfO{ h]08/sf b[li6sf]0fn] laZn]if0f gu/Lsg}+ dlxnf lx+;fsf] af/]df lzIf0f jf s’/f ul/of] eg] kf7oqmdn] lgb]{lzt u/]sf] pb]Zo k’/f x’g ;Sb}g / ;dfhdf laBdfg lae]b c;dfgtf, cGofon] klg lg/Gt/tf kfO{g} /xG5g .
h]08/sf cfwf/df ul/g] s[ofsnfk, lje]b,c;dfgtf, cGofonfO{ ln+udf cfwfl/t s[ofsnfk, lje]b, c;dfgtf, cGofo klg eg]/ elgG5 . h;n] ubf{ a’emg] / a’emfpg] w/ftng} km/flsnf] / alnof] x’G5 . cfufdL lbgx?df h:tf] sIff !) jf cfd;+rf/df cfPsf 36gf, gLltut ;+/rgf / eljZodf SofDk; k9bf klg o;n] lanof] cfwf/ lgdf{0f ug'{sf ;fy} ;”;’lrt gful/sssf] lgdf{0f klg d2t ub{5 .
lstfjdf dlxnf / lx+;fnfO{ uf]ndf]6n u/]/ k|:t’t ul/Psf] 5 . tyfkL pbfx/0f eg] ;lhnf t/ l;ldt g} 5g . t/ tLgn] xfd|f] ;dfhnfO{ k|efj kfb}{gg cyf{t ;fdflhs ?kfGt/0fdf vf;} ;xof]u ub}{gg . dlxnf / lx+;f dfq eGbf dlxnfn] hGd]b]lv d[To’ k|oGt;Dd ;dfhsf x]/s tx / tKsfdf ef]u]sf lje]b,cGofo,cTofrf/ / c;dfgtfsf nflu dfq xf]OGfg cyf{t s’g} ;dfhdf jf 36gfdf k’?ifx? klg lje]b, cGofo, cTofrf/ / c;dfgtfdf k/]sf x’G5g . tyflk cWog, cg’;Gwfg / cg’ejdf k’?ifx? eGbf dlxnfx? a9L -ljLeGg kl/j]zdf ljleGg txdf_ lae]b,cGofo, cTofrf/ / c;dfgtfsf efuL ePsf x’G5g .

t;y{ ljBfno gofF k’:tfsf] hu a;fNg] / ?kfGtl/t ;dfhsf] g]t[Tj ug]{ ePsf]n] n}+lus lae]bdf cfwfl/t lx+;f eg]/ lzIf0f ubf{ /fd|f] x’G5 . h:n] ;fdflhs zfl/l/s, /fhgLlts, of}lgs cfly{s, ;a} b[li6sf]0fn] ePsf lje]b cGofo,cTofrf/ c;dfgtf / ltgsf] kl/0fdnfO{ ;d:6Lut ?kdf ;d]65g . o;/L s]6L tyf dlxnfx?n] 3/, kl/jf/, af6f], lawfno, clkm;, jf sg} klg sfo{ If]qdf ;fdflhs zfl/l/s, /fhgLlts, of}lgs cfly{s kIfsf s]lx g slx, sg} g sg} lsl;dsf] lje]b cGofo,cTofrf/ c;dfgtf e]fuL/x]sf xG5g, To;sf] ;dfhdf ePsf ;a}  ;/fsf/jfnfx?n] ;dodf ;lx klxrfg, hgr]tgf / k}/aL ug{ ;s] lnésf] cfwf/df xg] lje]b cGofo,cTofrf/ c;dfgtf GogLs/0f ug{ ;lsG5 .
 

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